Cahiers

1993 / n° 4

Autour de la colonie de Reunion, Texas

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Présentation

Michel Cordillot
Présentation
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Etudes

Antonio Carlos Güttler
A Brazilian Prelude to the Experiment of La Reunion ? The Phalanx of the Saï, 1841-1843

Founded in Brazil by Dr Mure, the Sai phalanx was an early French-led large-scale attempt to put into practice the societarian doctrines. Despite its ultimate failure, this experiment contributed to make socialist ideas better known in Brazil.

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Carl J. Guarneri
La Réunion, Texas : Ironic Postcript to American Fourierism

The Texas colony of Réunion was meant to be a joint French and American venture, which would culminate two decades of transatlantic Fourierist agitation. But by the time Considerant decided upon a New World experiment, the American phalansterian movement had collapsed and could provide little support. Moreover, in confronting the question of slavery and in setting up Réunion’s practical arrangements, French Fourierists committed many of the same mistakes that had brought failure to the Americans in the preceding decade.

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James Pratt
At The Shore of Texas : December 22, 1854

The Fourierists arriving in 1854 in Texas found a different scene than the one Victor Considerant had left 15 months before. The Know Nothing Party had formed Us anti-immigrant sentiment, and the passions of the slavery issue were becoming more inflamed. Against this background, at the beginning of a drought, and in a speculation boom, François Cantagrel journeyed into Texas with a Yankee reformist, Fourierist and abolitionist minister, John Allen.

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Jonathan Beecher
A Failed Utopia in Texas : Victor Considerant and Reunion

The attempt by European Fourierists to create a community near Dallas, Texas, in the mid-1850s, was marred from the start by a fundamental disagreement between Considerant and his followers. By investing in Texas real estate, he hoped to create a « champ d’asile » open to various kinds of social experimentation. They wanted to embark as rapidly as possible on the creation of a Fourierist association. The community’s failure was due to many causes, but the clash between Considerant’s vision and that of his followers was the crucial and underlying cause both of Reunion’s uniqueness and of its failure.

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Bruno Verlet
The Fourierists in Texas, from Dream to Reality

Though it was never intended to be a Phalanx in Texas, the La Reunion experiment was an attempt to add to the benefits of association those of land speculation. The formula rapidly backfired on its authors. for dissensions soon bore apart a colony whose landed property, too hastily acquired, also quickly depreciated. Beyond the error in principle, contemporary documents cast a doubt on the ability of the phalansterian leaders to manage the whole enterprise from a practical point of view.

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Michel Cordillot
Au Texas
Aperçus biographiques sur quelques membres de Reunion
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Michel Cordillot
Neo-Fourierist French-American Socialism after Reunion : Charles Caron and section 15 of the International in New Orleans

The Reunion fiasco did not eliminate the influence of Fourierism in the French-American socialist movement. The case of New Orleans shows the role played in the First International by the neo-Fourierist socialists, with their leader Charles Caron, and their efforts to start new experiments in colonization. On the basis of such concrete examples, one may indeed question the relevance of the distinction between so-called e “scientific” and “utopian” socialisms.

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G. Clermont
The United States Seen by the French Fourierist Press, 1867-1922

At the end of the XIXth century, the French Fourierist press gave its readers lots of social and economic data pertaining to the United States. Hope and wonder prevailed over criticism, but the rare and sometimes contradictory comments did not make it possible to get a coherent picture of contemporary American society.

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Jean-Claude Dubos
Reunion, Texas
Une bibliographie sélective
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Notes de lecture

Jean-Claude Dubos
THOMAS Edith : Fonds Fourier et Considerant. Archives sociétaires (1991)
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Michel Cordillot
CABRAL CHAMORRO Antonio : {Socialismo utopicó y revolución burgesa : el fourierismo gaditano, 1834-1848}
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Michel Cordillot
SOWERWINE Charles, MAIGNIEN Claude : Madeleine Pelletier, une féministe dans l’arène politique
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Louis Ucciani
ARANTES Urias : Charles Fourier ou l’art des passages
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Louis Ucciani
SARTI Maria Alberta : Quatre ouvrages sur Fourier
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Actualités

La vie scientifique
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